How To Keep Your Kidneys Healthy?

June 8, 2020

Don’t overdose on certain medications
NSAIDs are nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as ibuprofen and naproxen. They can damage your kidneys if you take too many at once or too often. And long-term use of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) to treat ulcers or gastroesophageal reflux can increase your chances of developing chronic kidney disease. You should only take them if your doctor says you need them.

Use antibiotics with caution
These anti-bacterial medications can damage your kidneys if you use them too often. This can happen even if you’re very healthy, but it’s worse if your kidneys aren’t working as well as they should. Some types, such as penicillin, sulfonamides, and cephalosporins, are more likely to cause problems.

Skip herbal supplements
Supplement manufacturers don’t have to prove that their products are safe, and some can damage your kidneys. These can be especially harmful if you have kidney disease, as they can worsen the condition or affect the way some medications work. Talk to your doctor before trying any herbal supplements.

healthy diet
Your kidneys process everything you eat or drink, including anything that’s bad for you, such as large amounts of fat, salt and sugar. Over time, poor eating habits can lead to high blood pressure, obesity, diabetes and other diseases that affect your kidneys. A healthy diet has plenty of vegetables, fruits, and whole grains and less processed foods.

Be careful with your salt.
This mineral affects people in different ways. For some people, it seems to raise the amount of protein in their urine. This can harm your kidneys or make kidney disease worse, if you already have it. Lots of salt can also increase your chances of developing high blood pressure, a typical cause of kidney disease, and kidney stones, which can be very painful and potentially damaging if left untreated.

Drink enough water.
Water helps transport vital nutrients to the kidneys and moves waste to the bladder in the form of urine. If you don’t drink enough, the small filters in your kidneys can become clogged, leading to kidney stones and infections. If it happens often enough, even mild dehydration can damage your kidneys. Four to six glasses a day is usually appropriate, but if you’re sick or out in the heat, you may need more water.

Just like a healthy diet, this helps prevent diseases like diabetes and heart disease that can lead to kidney damage. But don’t try to go from couch potato to gym rat in one day. Too much exercise can also damage your kidneys if you’re not ready for it. Exercise for 30 to 60 minutes at least five days a week. If you haven’t done it in a while, start slowly and consult your doctor first if you have health problems.

It’s important to know your risk of developing kidney disease. You are more likely to develop kidney disease if you or a close relative has heart disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, or a family history of kidney failure. In these cases, your doctor may recommend specific kidney tests as part of your regular checkups. The earlier it is detected, the easier it is to treat and sometimes even stop.

Use alcohol with caution
If you’re healthy, a glass or two of wine isn’t likely to harm your kidneys. But binge drinking (more than 4 drinks in less than 2 hours) can cause sudden and serious damage and can lead to long-term problems. And alcohol often dehydrates you, which can prevent your kidneys from working well and lead to weight gain, liver disease, high blood pressure and other conditions that put more stress on your kidneys.

smoking cessation
Smoking raises the risk of kidney cancer and damages blood vessels, slowing down the flow of blood to the kidneys. In addition, smoking can affect certain medications used to treat high blood pressure. This is serious because uncontrolled high blood pressure is the leading cause of kidney disease.

Managing health issues
The two most common diseases that affect the kidneys are diabetes and high blood pressure. A balanced diet and regular exercise can help control both of these diseases. With diabetes, it’s also important to keep a close eye on your blood sugar and take insulin when needed. For high blood pressure, check your numbers regularly and take all medications exactly as prescribed by your doctor.