How to Lower and Cut Your Risk of Cancer?

Reduce your risk of cancer
It’s one of the leading causes of death in the world, but according to the World Health Organization, about a third of all cases are preventable. There’s no magic pill to keep you safe from cancer, but there are things you can do to improve your odds.

weight loss
Nearly 70 percent of Americans are overweight or obese – and those extra pounds increase your chances of developing several types of cancer, including esophageal, pancreatic, colon, kidney and thyroid. As fewer people smoke, obesity may overtake tobacco as the leading preventable cause of cancer. If every adult in the United States cut their body mass index (a measure of your body fat) by 1 percent, it could cut the number of new cases by as many as 100,000.

Eat less red meat.
With cured meats, such as bacon, hot dogs, and luncheon meats, which have been associated with a higher risk of colon and stomach cancer. The American Cancer Institute recommends no more than 18 ounces, or a little more than a pound, per week.

apply sunscreen
Harmful rays from the sun can give you more than just a sunburn. Ultraviolet radiation can cause skin cancer, the most common kind of cancer in the United States, and people who spend a lot of time in the sun have a higher risk of developing it. Most cases are curable if they’re found and treated early, but they can be life-threatening if they spread to other parts of your body. A sunscreen with a sun protection factor (SPF) of 30 or higher can help protect you.

Eat more vegetables.
Vegetables and fruits can help ward off a range of cancers of the mouth, throat, trachea and esophagus. These foods have things that help your cells prevent damage that could later lead to cancer. You should eat at least 2? cups of fruits and vegetables a day.

Don’t count on supplements.
A diet rich in vegetables, fruits, and whole grains reduces your risk of cancer more than nutritional supplements. Nutritional supplements don’t give you the same benefits as whole foods, and they can upset the balance of other nutrients in your body. Nutritional supplements may be helpful for certain conditions, but don’t bet on them to prevent cancer.

Sugar reduction
Foods or beverages that contain a lot of sugar tend to have more calories per ounce. If you eat them regularly, you’re more likely to consume more calories than you consume in a day. This can cause you to gain weight – and may increase your risk of cancer. You don’t have to stop eating sugar altogether, but watch out for things that have added sweeteners.

HPV vaccination
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is often spread from person to person through sexual activity. It can live in your body for years and you may not even notice it. It is the cause of almost all cervical cancers in women and can also cause cancers of the vagina, penis, anus, mouth and throat. Girls can get the vaccine between the ages of 9 and 26, and boys can get it between the ages of 9 and 21. The use of condoms can also reduce the chances of contracting HPV.

Get off the couch.
People who exercise are less likely to develop colon, breast or uterine cancer. When you get up and move, your body uses more energy, digests food faster, and prevents the buildup of some hormones linked to cancer. Being active can also help ward off other health problems, such as heart disease or diabetes.

Stick out your butt.
Do you smoke? Tobacco causes a variety of cancers, as well as heart and lung disease. Although the percentage of Americans who light up regularly has declined from more than 40 percent in the 1960s to about 15 percent, tobacco is still the leading cause of preventable death in the United States.

Softening Sauce
You know which one we’re talking about. Drinking too much alcohol increases your risk of digestive cancers – your stomach, liver and colon, among others – as well as breast and throat cancers. It can damage your body’s tissues, damage your liver, and mix with other chemicals that damage your cells. Men shouldn’t drink more than two cups a day, and women should limit themselves to one.

Hepatitis B vaccination
People who are infected with the hepatitis B virus are 100 times more likely to develop liver cancer, the fastest growing form of the disease. And people who have chronic liver problems, multiple sexual partners or who share needles to use drugs are at high risk of contracting hepatitis B, as well as those who work with human blood. But the vaccine can prevent infection. If you think you’re at risk, talk to your doctor.

The earlier the warning signs of cancer are detected, the better the chances of recovery. Various tests can check for different types of cancer, such as breast, colon, prostate or skin cancer. Ask your doctor which type of screening you should receive and when it should be done.